Overpopulation is a situation whereby, people living in an environment exceed the number of resources available to meet their needs. Overpopulation is one of the biggest problems we have here in Nigeria.
It is important to note that besides social well-being, the economic prosperity of a nation is dependent on its population growth rate. Demographically, Nigeria is running so fast that she has to stand still economically.
Developing nations face the problem of overpopulation more than developed countries, but it affects most of the earth as of now. When we are talking about overpopulation, we should first understand it’s causes.
Thus, the following are possible causes of overpopulation:
Better Medical Facilities: Illnesses that had claimed thousands of lives till now were cured because of the invention of vaccines. People now live longer because of better medical facilities available to them.
Migration: People move to better environments where best facilities are available in terms of, education, security, medicals, and employment.
Lack of Family Planning: Most developing nations have a large number of people who are illiterate, and have little or no knowledge of family planning. Thereby, getting their children married at an early age and increasing their chances of producing more kids.
The following are the effects of these causes of overpopulation on the economy:
Depletion of Natural Resources, degradation of the environment, a rise in unemployment rate, a high cost of living, brain drain, etc.
After considering the causes and effects of overpopulation, let us look at some possible solutions to reduce them.
Better Education: Educating the masses helps them understand the need to have two or three children at the most. Also, by educating the people, they learn about various safe sex techniques and contraceptives methods available to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
Family Planning Awareness: Raising awareness among people regarding family planning is very important. Letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help control the rate of population growth.
Knowledge of Sex Education: Communicating sex education to young kids at the elementary level is key. By doing so, they learn the right way and not from their peers or through the internet.
In conclusion, Africa’s population is increasing and it’s not showing any signs of slowing down. The only probable solution is to encourage a culture of learning and good education.