Energy is a primary input for almost all activities of life. Energy conservation refers to reducing energy by using less energy service. For example, driving less is an example of energy conservation.
Energy remains one of the main constraints for economic growth in Nigeria. The lack of reliable access and irregular power supply is a persistent problem affecting businesses across the country. It also discourages foreign investors.
Most of the industries are requested to reduce their energy consumption by using renewable energy sources and optimizing their usage. Sectors such as industry, commerce, transport and telecommunications has compelled us to focus our attention on our ever increasing demands.
Energy related problems are not new. The energy related problems are as old as 2500 years ago. The early Romans and Greeks faced fuel shortage as wood was their primary source of energy. They had to import wood from very faraway places. Fossil fuel is still the main source of energy.
Energy Conservation Initiative in Lagos
The Lagos State Government is encouraging Lagosians to imbibe an energy conservation culture. The Lagos State Electricity Board (LSEB) is spearheading an initiative tagged “Conserve Energy, Save Money”. This initiative is under the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The initiative is designed to sensitize Lagosians around the theme of energy conservation. This would be done by connecting with and influencing their behaviour through do-it-yourself tips and exciting interaction with prominent personalities. The aim of the programme is the promotion of energy efficiency in policy making, in rural and urban households as well as in the industry.
Energy supplies can be extended by the conservation, or planned management, of currently available resources. Some obstacles stand in the way of conserving energy. It requires hundreds of millions of people to do routine things such as turning off lights and keeping tires properly inflated. Also, the price of energy is very high. Low energy prices make it difficult to convince people to invest in energy efficiency.
Nigeria must seize the opportunity to develop renewable energy to foster economic growth and improve the livelihoods of its people. In addition, Nigeria has human resources and capacity to lead one of the best renewable industries in the world. But to do that it must overhaul its energy policy and increase investment in research and development.