Ozone layer depletion is a serious problem facing planet earth today
The layer of ozone gas is what protects us from the harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation of the sun. The ozone layer absorbs these harmful radiations and thus prevents these rays from entering the earth’s atmosphere.
Thus, it is necessary to understand its importance and work to control the depletion of this layer.
Nigerians are facing a very serious global environmental problem and there is a widespread concern that the ozone layer is deteriorating. This is due to the release of pollution-containing chemicals such as chlorine and bromine, the effects of bush burning, and the emission of greenhouse gases.
The depletion of the ozone layer is associated with several health related and environmental issues such as skin cancer, eye and immune system damage, aging of skin.
Ozone is a colourless gas which is found in the stratosphere of our upper atmosphere
Ozone in the lower atmosphere contributes to global warming and climate change.
In addition, UV rays have adverse effect on the marine ecosystem. It adversely affects the planktons which plays a vital role in the food chain and oceanic carbon cycle, thus affecting the whole ocean ecosystem.
Also, UV rays affect plants. UV radiation can alter the time of flowering in some plant species. It can also directly affect the plant growth by changing the physiological and developmental processes of plants.
The effects of human activities on the ozone layer affects all of us, including our unborn children. Therefore, everyone must contribute towards reducing ozone layer depletion.
Buying and using recycled products, saving energy, use of public transport amongst other small but significant lifestyle changes, can do a lot in combating ozone layer depletion.
The most important thing we can do is to spread awareness. But ultimately, it is our individual efforts which will go a long way in saving the earth’s blanket. Let us keep our planet habitable for us and future generations.